In a bay the Romans called the Harbour of the Nymphs, in the extreme northwestern part of Sardinia, there is a village almost four thousand years old, shrouded in legend, among the most important that the Nuragic civilisation left us. The architecture of their construction testifies to the extraordinary skills of the fascinating and mysterious Nuragic civilisation. The Palmavera complex is located on the promontory of the same name, one and a half kilometre from the sea, within the
Porto Conte Park, in the province of
Alghero. Built with blocks of limestone and sand, consisting of a central body with two towers and a bulwark, plus the huts of a village: today there are less than 50, but experts estimate that number to have ranged between 150 and 200 when the village was inhabited.
The nuragic complex of Palmavera is composed of blocks of limestone and sandstone and consists of a central body with two towers, a rampart and a village of about fifty huts. The village was built during three phases and the oldest structures date back to the 15th century BC.
The part of the village that is visible today is only a quarter of its entirety at the time of the Bronze Age, in fact the original huts of the village are about two hundred. Among the most interesting elements of this site, we must first name the meeting hut, which is the largest of the whole complex with a political-religious role. Inside there is a model of nuraghe and a unicum of the Nuragic civilization, or the cylindrical seat-throne in sandstone.
The main nucleus of the site corresponds to the two nuragic towers (main tower and secondary tower) enclosed by a partly collapsed bastion made of sandstone. The secondary tower has given its turn over time, unlike the Tower A, the main one, which is well preserved and can be visited in its fantastic and striking interior.
The end of the village dates back to the 8th century BC, when a violent fire probably ended the life of this place. However, attendance during the III and II BC centuries is attested.